Antiquity of Southeastern Europe
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Thermae


The Flavian legionary baths stood at the corner of the via sagularis and via praetoria on the west side of the latter. 33 Their current size is 80 by 80 m ; therefore, they must have taken up the entire area of the scamnum. They must have been built to accommodate the newly arrived Legio I Italica , that is, around AD 69. The main bathing chambers included the cloakroom and rooms containing cold and hot water basins, serviced by three brick-vaulted praefurnia 34 and a sound hypocaust system. The floors were made of ceramic tiles and small bricks in what is called opus spicatum technique, alternating with strips of mosaic. W alls were plastered and painted with ornamental motifs. 35 Marble statuary decorated the chambers as well, one such find being a life-size figure of a nymph which is likely to have been part of a group framing a monumental water fount.

 
 

Ośrodek Badań nad Antykiem Europy Południowo Wschodniej UW
Krakowskie Przedmieście 32
00-927 Warszawa
novae@uw.edu.pl